Check your local regulations: Make sure you understand any local regulations regarding fence height, placement, and materials.
Choose your materials: Decide on the type of wood you want to use for your fence, such as cedar or pressure-treated pine. Choose the width and height of the fence boards, as well as the dimensions of the fence posts and rails.
Mark the fence line: Use stakes and string to mark the perimeter of your fence line. Make sure the line is straight and level.
Dig the post holes: Dig holes for your fence posts using a post hole digger. The depth of the holes will depend on the height of your fence and the soil conditions in your area. Typically, a hole should be about one-third the length of the fence post.
Set the posts: Place the fence posts in the holes and fill them with concrete or gravel to secure them in place. Make sure the posts are level and plumb.
Install the rails: Once the posts are set, attach the horizontal rails to them using brackets or screws. The rails should be evenly spaced and level.
Attach the fence boards: Begin attaching the fence boards to the rails, starting at one end of the fence and working your way to the other end. Use a level to make sure each board is plumb and even with the others.
Add any finishing touches: Once the fence boards are attached, you can add any finishing touches, such as a cap for the fence posts or decorative lattice on top of the fence.
Maintain your fence: Regularly inspect and maintain your fence to ensure it stays in good condition. This includes staining or painting the wood to protect it from weather and rot.
Remember, building a wood privacy fence can be a challenging and time-consuming project. Make sure you have the necessary tools and skills to complete the job, or consider hiring a professional if you're not comfortable doing it yourself.